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What is spring allergy? What factors cause this disease?
While no symptoms are seen in the majority of the population in spring, susceptible, atopic individuals develop an immune system disease through allergen-antibody reaction as a result of contact with allergens. This is called spring allergy (seasonal allergic rhinitis, hay fever).
Which plants cause spring allergy?
Spring allergy may actually be caused by tree, grass or grass pollen. Pollinated pollinated by insects, pollen does not cause allergic effects. It is the bushes or trees (pine, fir, spruce, cedar, juniper, cypress, thuja etc.) that emit pollen by the wind. However, allergic pollen emitters are cypresses in the south, junipers in the Taurus Mountains, yew trees in northern Anatolia, and pastas commonly used in parks and gardens. Pollen of pines also has an allergic effect.
Also; Most of the pollen allergy seen in the Mediterranean countries is responsible for the wild form of wheat. Along with this, neurotransmitters, hazelnuts, olives, mulberries, sycamore, elm, beech, willow, walnut, birch, sorrel, maple, daisy, foxtail and goose leg also emit allergic pollen. Tree and flower pollen cause spring allergy in spring, meadow grass pollen in early summer, and weed pollen in mid-summer and autumn.
How long does pollen work?
With the explosion of the pollen sac, some of the pollens released to the outside environment go to trees, some go to the nose of the people, the airways, reaction occurs and spring fever develops.
Pollen can travel thousands of kilometers across continents. They can stay under the snow and keep their vitality. Pollen is necessary for plants and even for the survival of the world. But some people also cause allergies. Allergic ones are the pollen of plants carried by wind, not attracting the attention of insects, pale and smell free. The pollen of plants with brightly colored, remarkable flowers is large and sticky because it is carried by insects. Since they are not carried by wind, they do not play a role in spring allergy.
How can we differentiate spring allergy from a common cold?
In order to differentiate spring allergies from the common symptoms of colds, some points should be taken into consideration. Spring allergy starts as soon as it meets pollen. Transparent and plentiful watery nasal discharge. It lasts more than a week, but repeats, but no fever and muscle pain. In colds, the causative agent is the virus. Symptoms 1-3 days after contact. Fever develops moderately and causes muscle pain. Improvement is achieved in one week.
Does spring allergy cause serious problems if left untreated?
In spring allergy, pollen enters the nose and adheres to the eye. Irrigating the eyes, flushing, itching; Symptoms such as nasal itching, runny nose, nasal obstruction, sore throat, sneezing. Night sleep may be impaired, lack of concentration during daytime and headache. The disease is not a simple disease of itching and sneezing. Repeats if left untreated and prevented. It can cause sinusitis, otitis and asthma.
What should be done to prevent allergens in spring?
To avoid allergens in spring, pollen should not stand outdoors when the air is dense, doors and windows should be kept closed and the windows should not be opened in the car. Pollen is very hot in dry and warm weather, while pollen is very low in rainy weather. The air conditioners should be pollen filtered. Hair and clothing hold pollen; therefore, clothes should be changed and showered when they come home. You should go to the seaside, not dry outdoors, mow the lawn or use a mask. In order to protect against non-pollen allergens, pets should not be kept in the house, carpet, woolen blanket, feather pillow and so on in the bedrooms. should not be used and wet cleaning should be done.
What is the treatment of spring allergies?
In order to strengthen the immune system, a balanced diet, rest and plenty of water should be drunk. Foods with vitamins A, B, C and E should be consumed. Allergens should be avoided, absolutely protected. They should live away from stress, alcohol and cigarettes should not be consumed. The disease specialist should be consulted, recommendations should be considered and medicines should be administered regularly. Medications to reduce and prevent complaints will be given by your doctor. If necessary, surgical treatment is performed.
Is vaccine effective in spring allergy? Can anyone get this vaccine?
In spite of stopping contact with the allergen and taking the medication for more than two years in spring fever, certain amounts of the allergen are given to the body and the reaction of the immune system is changed. The effect of this treatment is seen at a slow rate and only improves against the substance in the vaccine.
Vaccine treatment; It is not applied to people under 5 years of age, patients with severe immunodeficiency, cancer patients, people with severe psychological illness, those who cannot receive regular treatment (long-distance drivers, frequent overseas travelers, etc.), and pregnant women with significant heart disease.
How long does spring allergy last?
Spring allergy starts with spring; also seen in summer and autumn. It continues until the winter season.
Is it possible to get rid of spring allergy?
Unfortunately, it is not possible to get rid of spring allergy completely.
Who has spring allergy?
Although it is seen more intensively in children and adolescents, it decreases in older ages.