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Spastic Children and Diagnostic Methods
As a result of a damage to the spastic child's brain, his functions such as movement, standing, walking, balance were affected. The child also has muscle weakness. It has become more or less difficult for him to make voluntary movements, move from place to place and perform daily life functions.
In fact, brain damage is not progressive. In the early period of life, there is a permanent but changeable movement, muscle stiffness (spasticity) between the muscles, harmony and posture disorder that arise as a result of the disease of the brain that has completed its development.
It is one of the most important childhood diseases that require rehabilitation. Nervous, muscular, skeletal systems can cause functional disorders and affect the person throughout his life.
The incidence of spastic children has been reported to be 1-5 per 1000 live births. Contraction, weakness and involuntary movements of the muscles may occur in the brain, particularly due to damage to the cells that manipulate movements. Therefore, the main features of spastic children are movement disorders in the head, trunk, arms and legs. However, epilepsy (epilepsy), vision, hearing, speech, perception problems, behavior disorders, mental retardation can also be seen.
The final diagnosis is made by the examination and evaluation of a specialist. If necessary, advanced techniques are performed. The most important advanced technique for detecting brain damage is MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).
In this non-progressive disease, appropriate and long-term physical medicine and rehabilitation practices and adaptation to daily life ensure that the child is as independent as possible. After the mental abilities of the child are evaluated, a special education program is prepared in line with the individual characteristics and the academic skills are improved and their adaptation to the society is facilitated.
Disease; prenatal, birth and postnatal reasons.