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Having healthy oral and dental structures in adulthood is possible only through regular controls from childhood. Noting that children are not born with bacteria that cause caries in their mouths Anadolu Health Center Pediatric Dentist (Pedodontist) Neşve Kayabaşoğlu, He explained the duties and needs of the parents to the children about oral and dental health of children.
When should the first oral and dental health examination of the children be performed?
The first oral and dental examination should be done after the child's first tooth starts to grow. The most important reason why the first dentist visit starts so early is to show parents how to clean the teeth during infancy and to protect the babies from “bottle caries en that may occur at very young ages due to incorrect feeding habits.
When should children start brushing their teeth?
As soon as the first tooth comes out, children need to start brushing their teeth regularly. The cleaning process can be carried out with toothbrushes specially designed for children after each feeding. The use of fluoride toothpaste between 0 and 3 years is not recommended, but brushing your teeth using only water is sufficient for cleaning. In addition, fluoride-free toothpastes specially designed for children can be used. The child's teeth can be brushed with children's toothpastes containing a low percentage of fluoride from 3 to 3.5 years of age to 12 years of age.
Why are deciduous teeth important?
The first task of milk teeth is to provide nutrition. Caries on the teeth cause pain during feeding and as a result the child refuses to eat. This negatively affects the growth of the child. Bacteria produce caries more quickly than intact tooth surfaces. The increase in the number of bacteria in the mouth is a threat to children's oral and dental health as well as to their general health.
What problems does premature loss of primary teeth cause?
Milk teeth serve as a guide for the teeth that follow them. As a result of this, premature loss of primary teeth may result in misalignment of the tooth array and impaired jaw development. Children, as a result of a large number of premature loss of milk teeth, depending on the appearance and speech disorders may experience psychological problems.
Can teeth decay despite regular brushing and maintenance?
Four out of every five caries lesions occur on the chewing surfaces of the molars. This is due to the deep recesses in the chewing surfaces of the molars. The bristles cannot reach the bottom of these recesses and the teeth are decaying. In order to prevent the accumulation of nutrients in these regions, these indents are filled and hardened by a flowing viscosity protective gel called “Fissure sealant”. In addition, caries are frequently encountered at the interfaces of the milk teeth because the enamel, which is the protective layer of the tooth, is thin. In order to prevent this situation and increase the hardness of enamel, surface fluoride applications are performed.
What should be done to prevent interface bruises?
In addition to effective tooth brushing, dental floss is also important to prevent caries in these areas. In addition, the application of superficial fluoride containing a high amount of fluoride to all teeth increases the hardness of enamel, thus reducing the risk of caries formation in these areas.
What is superficial fluoride application? How soon should one be applied?
The application of superficial fluoride should apply an important preservative to increase the enamel hardness of the teeth of all children after three years of age and thus prevent the formation of caries. After cleaning the child's teeth, the fluoride gels are kept on the teeth and then cleaned. This practice is repeated every four or six months according to the oral and dental health of children.
What will be the result if the primary teeth are not treated?
Unfortunately, it is thought that it is better to withdraw these teeth without treatment because of the permanent teeth coming after the milk teeth.
However, in the early loss of the milk teeth, which serve as a guide for the permanent teeth coming from behind them, the neighboring milk teeth are shifting towards the cavity of the extracted tooth. Therefore, the child is in the future will not actually need braces treatment. Therefore, decayless teeth should be treated as much as possible and remain in the mouth until they fall.
FOR ROTARY TEETH
• Take your child to the dentist regularly from the age of one.
• Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
• Apply protective treatments (fissure sealant and surface fluoride applications) from the age of three.
• Instead of sweet foods, snack on your children, fiber foods such as cheese, fruit or nuts to eat.
• Have them brush their teeth behind the snacks or at least rinse their mouths. Xylitol-containing chewing gums are also beneficial in terms of dental health both in increasing the saliva flow rate and in cleaning the deposits on the tooth surface.