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hyperactivity a concept that we hear a lot of. Many mothers whose children are very naughty “My child is hyperactive" says. Yet hyperactivity does not mean that only one child is mobile.International Hospital Psychologist Ferahim Yeşilyurt It tells people who are curious about hypercativity, which occurs in about 3.6 per cent of society.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder characterized by excessive mobility, short attention span, and relapse (inadequate impulse control). It is a chronic disorder that starts in preschool childhood and may present with different findings in adult life.
Most of these children are described as a grumpy, restless, difficult baby. In the first few months of life, excessive mobility, eating and sleeping disorders may occur. They are said to require constant care of a few people because they are very active and attacking when they crawl or start to walk. In most children, symptoms are more noticeable when starting kindergarten or elementary school, failure at school, lack of attentionIn the classroom, non - compliance with the rules, aggressive behaviors and difficulties in anger control lead the family to seek treatment.
Who is seen? Is there a difference in the incidence of boys and girls?
ADHD approximately 3-6% in the community. It is approximately 3 times more common in boys than in girls.
Although there is no proven definite cause of the disorder, some factors are emphasized. Some possible causes are:
• Genetic causes
• Brain damage
• Food and additives
• Psychosocial factors
Does Family Behavior Affect?
Watching television, family's bossy manners and so on. such factors do not cause the disorder. However, some disciplinary problems within the family may increase the problem.
Attention Deficit Symptoms
1- Failure to pay attention to detail, at school, at work, at home carelessness making frequent mistakes, depending on
2- Not being able to maintain his attention even in his works, hobbies or his favorite game,
3- Don't look disobeyed,
4- Failure to perform the tasks that he / she should do at school or at home due to the inability to evaluate the teachings and expectations,
5- Difficulty and disorganization in organizing tasks and activities,
6- Avoidance of work and tasks requiring mental function at home and at school,
7- Easily distracting external stimuli,
8- Frequent forgetfulness in daily activities,
9- Continuous loss of tools and equipment for tasks and activities.
Symptoms of Extreme Mobility
1- The hands and feet play constantly, it is difficult to keep calm and still.
2- He cannot sit in class and in line, and cannot sit in position when he or she should sit and stand in place.
3- Stop and rest without showing mobility or climbing on top of things,
4- He can't keep himself busy,
5- It is constantly moving, as if there was an unstoppable motor,
6- He talks too much.
The symptoms observed for diagnosis should be observed in two environments such as home and school. hyperactivity in order to be diagnosed; In addition, these symptoms should have shown 6 or more symptoms for at least 6 months, and appear before the age of 7, impairments occur in 2 or more settings, and significant impairment in social, academic or professional activities.
Does Every Hyperactive Child Have Distraction?
There are three important symptom groups in the disorder. These;
1- Extreme mobility, hyperactivity,
2- Lack of attention,
3- Internal peak attacks are impulsive behaviors.
Three distinct forms of the disorder are described. Without overactivity and aggressive behavior, such as attention deficit is evident, it can only manifest itself as attention deficit throughout life. Teachers mostly complain about school failure.
The family and teacher's complaints are mostly on the behavior of the child, with excessive mobility and introspecific behavior. Outbursts of anger, inability to control emotions and excitement and aggressive behavior are noteworthy.
In the presence of both attention deficit and hyperactivity and aggressive behavior, the child's life and environment are affected in many areas and the disorder persists for a much longer time.
There is no simple treatment. Many specialists need to be involved in the treatment. General treatment options are as follows.
• Medical treatment
• Parent education
• Consultations and trainings such as Modeling Behavior, Self-Suggestion and Self-Rewarding
• Special education environment
• Diet practices
If ADHD is not treated, what are the consequences for the child?
If left untreated, symptoms may adversely affect almost every aspect of the child's education and life, leading to intense mental, social and school problems.
In the past, it was believed that ADHD in the public and medical circles spontaneously declined as the age progressed and recovered during puberty. However, in recent follow-up studies, this was not true, and the course of this disorder showed different course in different individuals.
Hyperactivity decreases with age, but carelessness and impulse control problems can be permanent. Usually the first disappearance is excessive mobility, the last disappearance is lack of attention. In 1/3 of the children, symptoms disappear spontaneously over time. In 1/3, the symptoms persist in adults with various emotional and social difficulties. Approximately 1/3 of them are less fortunate. In addition to the symptoms, people in this group also have other problems. For example, alcoholism, substance abuse.