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Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid hormone production decreases as a result of the slow functioning of the thyroid gland. This disease affects the body from head to toe. Although it is not clear about the prevalence of hypothyroidism in Turkey, hipotioi was seen as having reached the rate of 5 percent in women, this rate is known to increase.
Acibadem Maslak Hospital Endocrinology and Metabolism Diseases Specialist Assoc. Dr. Dr. Neslihan Kurtulmuş, the preliminary stage of hypothyroidism and laboratory findings began to deteriorate in the first period of the test results, especially in women over the age of 50 to 10-20 percent can be seen.
Among the most common causes of hypothyroidism; Hashimoto's disease, surgical removal of the thyroid, hypothyroidism seen after puerperium, iodine deficiency, radioactive iodine treatment, and the use of certain drugs.
Asserting that the diagnosis of the disease is quite easy, can be diagnosed by looking at the level of thyroid hormone by blood tests Assoc. Dr. Neslihan Kurtulmuş said, için We use other methods such as blood tests and ultrasonography to determine the cause of the disease. Therapy is done by giving the thyroid hormone as a tablet to the patient. The dose is adjusted to the patient's current clinical picture, age and weight..
Gives many symptoms of weakness hair loss
Assoc. Dr. Neslihan Kurtulmuş lists the most common symptoms of hypothyroidism:
• Cold intolerance
• Weight gain
• Hair loss
• Muscle and joint pain
• Sound thickening,
• Menstrual irregularities
What causes hyperthyroidism?
Heart rhythm breaks: Hypothyroidism in the beginning of the increase in blood pressure (especially small blood pressure), decrease in heart rate can be seen in the later stages of heart rhythm disorders, heart failure, cardiovascular disease may occur.
Constipation: Constipation is common. However, bloating, indigestion is also among the complaints seen.
Kidneys Cannot Dispense Water: Kidneys usually do not cause significant symptoms in the early stages of hypothyroidism, but when hypothyroidism is not treated, the kidney's discharge of water in the body slows down and edema occurs. In addition, toxic substances or drugs used in the body may be difficult to remove.
Breathing in Sleep Stops: Especially in untreated, advanced hypothyroidic patients, breathing slows down, decreases depth, and normally the effective response to oxygen depletion or carbon dioxide in the blood is impaired. Sleep-apnea syndrome, called hypothyroidism, can also be seen in stopping breathing during sleep.
Muscle Cramps and Weakness Attention: The musculoskeletal system is highly affected by hypothyroidism. Muscle cramps, muscle weakness can sometimes be the first signs. In addition, hypothyroidism is detected in most of the patients with carpal tunnel syndrome who present with wrist nerve compression.
Skin Drying, Thickening, Itching: Skin dry, itching does not pass, thickening of the skin is seen.In the following periods, as a result of accumulation of carotene substance yellowing may occur on the skin.
Hypothyroidism Disrupts Sperm Production: Hypothyroidism can lead to impaired estrogen formation and hence the secretion of other hormones that provide ovulation in women, and as a result, menstruation without healthy ovulation occurs. In men, sperm production and quality may deteriorate. This situation in men and women can lead to infertility.
Preventing Growth in Children: Presence of hypothyroidism leads to general growth and developmental delay in infants and children. In addition, thyroid hormones are very important in brain development, so the lack of these hormones can lead to mental retardation, difficulty in understanding, and late learning.
Slows Metabolism: As I mentioned above, it may be one of the first signs of chills. The decrease in energy production as a result of the slowdown of metabolism and the anemia caused by hypothyroidism leads to chills.
Raising Bad Cholesterol: Blood cholesterol levels increase in hypothyroidism. In particular, the increase in LDL cholesterol paves the way for vascular diseases, increases the formation of coronary heart disease, can trigger the development of heart attacks.
It leads to obesity: Hypothyroidism can slow down metabolism and decrease the activity of patients due to fatigue, weakness and muscle pain.