In the early postnatal period, psychiatric disorder, medical illness, low income level, unplanned pregnancy, and inadequate social support were among the variables affecting mental status.Lack of Spouse Support increases the risk of postpartum depression.Postnatal depression was reported to be a little more frequent in those who did not breastfeed. Socioeconomic deficiencies and problems related to mother and child health increase depression. Caring for the baby, taking care of other children if housework is present presents serious difficulties for the mother. Lack of social support, especially spouse support, increases the risk of postpartum depression. Postpartum depression has an important effect on the well-being, emotional, psychological and mental development of the newborn especially when it is not treated. Failure to diagnose postpartum depression may result from focusing on the well-being of the baby rather than the mother following delivery. However, this may cause the mother to develop depression, as well as prevent the recognition of depression. Furthermore, mothers with premenstrual tension syndrome have a higher risk of postpartum depression.Emotional maturity of the mother and psychological preparation for childbirth will reduce the transformation of the life after the birth into a nightmare.The mother's relationship with her mother in the past, harmony, satisfaction and identification, mother's relationship with herself, internalization of the roles of femininity and motherhood, mother's relationship with the baby, mother's relationship with the spouse, spouse's approach, mother's socio-cultural status and how much of the individual ties about the world It is associated with being good and functional.Working mothers have a low risk of postpartum depressionOur clinical observations indicate that postpartum depression is less in working mothers.The mother should not forget her companionship, femininity and individuality while emphasizing her motherhood. The spouse and family should also focus on the baby and not forget the mother.Psychological and social support, help and drug (antidepressant) treatment is required in many cases. Before starting psychiatric treatment, medical causes of mood disorders such as thyroid dysfunction and anemia should be excluded. Expectations from the mother, the role of motherhood, pregnancy, childbirth and parenting should be realistic, scientific and humanized. Depression will decrease with increased education and support. Emotional support and sharing is the most central. Drug treatment, psychotherapy and hospitalization, if necessary, provide effective results.